学術雑誌論文 Remarkable effect of halogenation of aromatic compounds on efficiency of nanowire formation through polymerization/crosslinking by high-energy single particle irradiation

Horio, Akifumi  ,  Sakurai, Tsuneaki  ,  Kayama, Kazuto  ,  Lakshmi, G.B.V.S.  ,  Kumar Avasthi, Devesh  ,  杉本, 雅樹  ,  八巻, 徹也  ,  千葉, 敦也  ,  齋藤, 勇一  ,  Seki, Shu

142pp.100 - 106 , 2018-01 , ELSEVIER
内容記述
Irradiation of high-energy ion particles on organic films induced solid-state polymerization and crosslinking reactions of the materials along the ion trajectories, resulting in the formation of insoluble uniform nanowires with a precise diameter. The nanowires were isolated by the development process i.e. the irradiated film was immersed in organic solvents, and their morphology was visualized by atomic force microscopy. The target organic materials are 4-vinyltriphenylamine, poly(4-vinyltriphenylamine), and polystyrene derivatives with/without the partial substitutions by halogen atoms. It was found that 4-vinyltriphenylamines, in spite of their small molecular sizes, afforded nanowires more clearly than poly(4-vinyltriphenylamine)s. Moreover, the efficiency of demonstrated polymerization/crosslinking reactions obviously depends on the substituted halogen atom species. The averaged diameters of nanowires from bromo- or iodo- substituted 4-vinyltriphenylamine (9.3 and 9.4 nm, respectively) were larger than that obtained from simple 4-vinyltriphenylamine (6.8 nm). The remarkable effect of halogenation of aromatic compounds on the efficiency of the radiation-induced reactions was also observed for polystyrene derivatives. This contrast was considered to originate from the sum of the efficiency of elementary reactions including dissociative electron attachment.

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