Journal Article Strong radioprotective FGF1 signaling down-regulates proliferative and metastatic capabilities of the angiosarcoma cell line, ISOS-1, through the dual inhibition of EGFR and VEGFR pathways

Miura, Taichi  ,  Fujita, Mayumi  ,  Kawano, Mitsuko  ,  Imadome, Kaori  ,  Yasuda, Takeshi  ,  Shoko, Nishihara  ,  Imamura, Toru  ,  Masuzawa, Mikio  ,  Imai, Takashi  ,  Nakayama, Fumiaki

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Background and purpose: Angiosarcoma is associated with a poor prognosis and is treated with radiotherapy. Although FGF1 is a potential radioprotector, the influence of FGF1 on the malignancy of angiosarcoma remains unknown.Materials and methods: Highly stable FGF1 mutants, which exhibit stronger mitogenic activity than wild-type FGF1, were examined as strong radioprotectors and signaling agonists to clarify the effects of FGF1 on the murine angiosarcoma cell line ISOS-1.Results: FGF1 mutants reduced colony formation by and the in vitro invasion and migration of ISOS-1 cells, in addition to an increase in radiosensitivity to X-rays. In contrast, an FGFR inhibitor blocked the inhibitory effects of FGF1 mutants on colony formation, invasion, and migration. siRNA targeting the Fgfr1 gene showed that strong FGFR1 signaling reduced colony formation by ISOS-1 cells. However, the FGF1 mutant reduced the activation of VEGFRs and EGFRs in ISOS-1 cells more strongly than wild-type FGF1. Moreover, the inhibition of VEGFRs and EGFRs synergistically reduced colony formation by and invasion and migration of ISOS-1 cells.Conclusion: These results suggest that strong FGF1 signaling exerts not only radioprotective effects, but also inhibitory effects on proliferative and metastatic capacities of angiosarcoma through the dual inhibition of EGFR and VEGFR pathways.

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