Journal Article Commissioning of full energy scanning irradiation with carbon-ion beams ranging from 55.6 to 430 MeV/u at the NIRS-HIMAC

Hara, Yousuke  ,  Furukawa, Takuji  ,  Mizushima, Kota  ,  Inaniwa, Taku  ,  Saotome, Naoya  ,  Tansho, Ryohei  ,  Saraya, Yuichi  ,  Shirai, Toshiyuki  ,  Noda, Koji

Description
Since 2011, a three-dimensional (3D) scanning irradiation system has been utilized for treatments at the National Institute of Radiological Sciences-Heavy Ion Medical Accelerator in Chiba (NIRS-HIMAC). In 2012, a hybrid depth scanning method was introduced for the depth direction, in which 11 discrete beam energies are used in conjunction with the range shifter. To suppress beam spread due to multiple scattering and nuclear reactions, we then developed a full energy scanning method. Accelerator tuning and beam commissioning tests prior to a treatment with this method are time-consuming, however.We therefore devised a new approach to obtain the pencil beam dataset, including consideration of the contribution of large-angle scattered (LAS) particles, which reduces the time spent on beam data preparation. The accuracy of 3D dose delivery using this new approach was verified by measuring the dose distributions for different target volumes. Results confirmed that the measured dose distributions agreed well with calculated doses. Following this evaluation, treatments using the full energy scanning method were commenced in September 2015.

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