||Efficiency of radiation-induced base lesion excision and the order of enzymatic treatment.
Shiraishi, Iyo ,
Shikazono, Naoya ,
Suzuki, Masao ,
Fujii, KentaroYokoya, Akinari
International journal of radiation biology
302 , 2017-03 , Taylor and Francis
PURPOSE:To clarify whether initial base excision repair processes at clustered DNA damage sites comprising multiple base lesions affect subsequent excision processes via the formation of additional strand breaks by glycosylase and apurinic/apyrimidinic (AP) endonuclease base excision enzymes.MATERIALS AND METHODS:Plasmid DNA (pUC18) as a model DNA molecule was exposed to high-linear-energy-transfer (LET) ionizing radiation (He2+ or C6+ ions) or low-LET ionizing radiation (X-rays) under various conditions to produce varied radical-scavenging effects. pUC18 was then treated sequentially or simultaneously with two bacterial base excision enzymes (glycosylases), namely, endonuclease III and formamidopyrimidine-DNA glycosylase, which convert pyrimidine (or abasic [AP] site) and purine (or AP site) lesions to single-strand breaks (SSB), respectively. Yields of additional SSB or double-strand breaks (DSB) as digestion products were examined after changing the order of enzymatic treatment.RESULTS:There were few differences among the enzymatic treatments, indicating that treatment order did not affect the final yields of additional SSB or DSB formed by glycosylase activity. This suggests that of the total damage, the fraction of clustered damage sites with a persistent base lesion dependent on the order of glycosylase treatment was insignificant if present.CONCLUSION:Base lesion clusters induced by high- or low-LET radiation appear three or more base pairs apart, and are promptly converted to a DSB by glycosylase, regardless of the order of enzymatic treatment.