Journal Article Synthesis and evaluation of 1-(cyclopropylmethyl)-4-(4-[11C]methoxyphenyl)- piperidin-1-yl-2-oxo-1,2-dihydropyridine-3-carbonitrile ([11C]CMDC) for PET imaging of metabotropic glutamate receptor 2 in the rat brain

Ma, Yufei  ,  Kumata, Katsushi  ,  Yui, Joji  ,  Zhang, Yiding  ,  Yamasaki, Tomoteru  ,  Hatori, Akiko  ,  Fujinaga, Masayuki  ,  Nengaki, Nobuki  ,  Xie, Lin  ,  Wang, Hui  ,  Ming-Rong, Zhang

25 ( 3 )  , pp.1014 - 1021 , 2016-12 , Elsevier
Brain metabotropic glutamate receptor 2 (mGluR2) has been proposed as a therapeutic target for the treatment of schizophrenia-like symptoms arising from increased glutamate transmission in the forebrain. However, there does not exist a reliable tool for the study of mGluR2 in human neuroimaging. The purpose of this study was to radiosynthesize 1-(cyclopropylmethyl)-4-(4-[11C]methoxyphenyl)piperidin-1-yl-2-oxo-1,2-dihydropyridine- 3-carbonitrile ([11C]CMDC) and evaluate its potential as a positron emission tomography (PET) radiotracer for imaging mGluR2 in the rat brain. CMDC, a positive allosteric modulator of mGluR2, showed potent functional activity (EC50: 98 nM) for human mGluR2 in vitro. [11C]CMDC was synthesized by O-[11C]methylation of 1-(cyclopropylmethyl)-4- (4-hydroxyphenyl)piperidin-1-yl-2-oxo-1,2-dihydropyridine-3-carbonitrile (1) with [11C]methyl iodide. [11C]CMDC (2.2 ± 0.9 GBq; n = 20) was obtained from [11C]CO2 of 14.0–17.8 GBq with >98% radiochemical purity and 86–150 GBq/μmol specific activity at the end of synthesis. In vitro autoradiography indicated that [11C]CMDC binding was expressed (>50% of total binding) in mGluR2-rich brain regions including the cerebral cortex, striatum and hippocampus. However, small-animal PET showed low in vivo specific binding of [11C]CMDC in the rat brain. While [11C]CMDC has limited potential as a PET tracer for brain mGluR2, it can be used to develop new radiotracers with improved behaviors.

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