Journal Article Development of TASP0410457 (TASP457), a novel dihydroquinolinone derivative as a PET radioligand for central histamine H3 receptors

Koga, Kazumi  ,  Maeda, Jun  ,  Tokunaga, Masaki  ,  Hanyu, Masayuki  ,  Kawamura, Kazunori  ,  Ohmichi, Mari  ,  Nakamura, Toshio  ,  Nagai, Yuji  ,  Seki, Chie  ,  Kimura, Yasuyuki  ,  Minamimoto, Takafumi  ,  Ming-Rong, Zhang  ,  Fukumura, Toshimitsu  ,  Suhara, Tetsuya  ,  Higuchi, Makoto

6 ( 1 )  , p.11 , 2016-02 , Springer
Background: Histamine H3 receptor (H3R) is a potential therapeutic target of sleep- and cognition-related disorders. The purpose of the present study is to develop a novel positron emission tomography (PET) ligand for H3Rs from dihydroquinolinone derivatives, which we previously found to have high affinity with these receptors.Methods: Six compounds were selected from a dihydroquinolinone compound library based on structural capability for 11C labeling and binding affinity for H3Rs. Their in-vivo kinetics in the rat brain were examined in a comparative manner by liquid chromatography and tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Chemicals with appropriate kinetic properties were then labeled with 11C and evaluated in rats and monkeys using PET. Results: Of the six compounds, TASP0410457 (also diminutively called TASP457) and TASP0434988 exhibited fast kinetics and relatively high brain uptakes in ex vivo LC-MS/MS, and were selected as candidate PET imaging agents. PET data in rat brains were mostly consistent with LC-MS/MS findings, and rat and monkey PET scans demonstrated that [11C]TASP0410457 was superior to [11C]TASP0434988 for high-contrast H3R PET imaging. In the monkey brain PET, distribution volume for [11C]TASP0410457 could be quantified, and receptor occupancy by nonradioactive compounds was measurable using this radioligand. The specific binding of [11C]TASP0410457 to H3Rs was confirmed by autoradiography using rat and monkey brain sections.Conclusions: We developed [11C]TASP0410457 as a radioligand enabling a robust quantification of H3Rs in all brain regions, and demonstrated the utility of ex vivo LC-MS/MS and in vivo PET assays for selecting appropriate imaging tracers. [11C]TASP0410457 will help to examine the implication of H3Rs in neuropsychiatric disorders and to characterize emerging therapeutic agents targeting H3Rs.

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