Journal Article A method to visualize transdermal nickel permeation in mouse skin using a nickel allergy patch

Tomoko, Sugiyama  ,  Motohiro, Uo  ,  Takahiro, Wada  ,  Toshio, Hongo  ,  Daisuke, Omagari  ,  Kazuo, Komiyama  ,  Oikawa, Masakazu  ,  Mikio, Kusama  ,  Mori, Yoshiyuki

26 ( 1/2 )  , pp.1 - 8 , 2015-12 , IOS Press, Inc.
Metal patch test is often used in clinical settings when metal-induced contact dermatitis is suspected. However, the transdermal permeation behavior of metal ions from the patch test remains unclear. Current patch tests using high concentrations of metal salt solutions have some side effects, e.g. acute skin reactions to high concentrations of metal salt. To resolve these, estimating metal ion transdermal permeation is wished. In this study, synchrotron radiation X-ray fluorescence (SR-XRF) and micro-focused particle-induced X-ray emission (micro-PIXE) were used to visualize the time-dependent Ni permeation in mouse skin. The cross-sectional diffusion of Ni was visualized in a time-dependent manner. Our results indicate that maximum Ni permeation occurs after 24 h of patch treatment, and the permeated Ni content was high in the epidermis and spread into the dermis beyond the basal layer. This method may be useful to determine the appropriate solution concentration and duration of administration for the patch test.

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