Journal Article Transcriptomic Signatures of Auger Electron Radioimmunotherapy Using Nuclear Targeting (111)In-Trastuzumab for Potential Combination Therapies.

Keiko Li, Huizi  ,  Morokoshi, Yukie  ,  Daino, Kazuhiro  ,  Furukawa, Takako  ,  Kamada, Tadashi  ,  Saga, Tsuneo  ,  Hasegawa, Sumitaka

30 ( 8 )  , pp.349 - 358 , 2015-10
(111)In-labeled trastuzumab modified with nuclear localizing signal (NLS) peptides ((111)In-trastuzumab-NLS) efficiently delivers an Auger electron (AE) emitter (111)In into the cell nucleus and is thus a promising radiopharmaceutical in AE radioimmunotherapy (AE-RIT) for targeted killing of HER2-positive cancer. However, further improvement of its therapeutic efficacy is required. In this study, the authors show a transcriptomic approach to identify potential targets for enhancing the cytotoxic effects of (111)In-trastuzumab-NLS. They generated two types of (111)In-trastuzumab-NLS harboring different numbers of NLS peptides, (111)In-trastuzumab-NLS-S and -L. These radioimmunoconjugates (230 and 460 kBq) showed a significant higher cytotoxicity to SKBR3 human breast cancer cells overexpressing HER2 compared to (111)In-trastuzumab. Microarray analysis revealed that NF-kB-related genes (38 genes) were significantly changed in transcription by (111)In trastuzumab-NLS-L (230 kBq) treatment. Quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction confirmed the microarray data by showing transcriptional alternation of selected NF-κB target genes in cells treated with (111)In-trastuzumab-NLS-L. Interestingly, bortezomib, a drug known as a NF-κB modulator, significantly enhanced the cytotoxicity of (111)In-trastuzumab-NLS-L in SKBR3 cells. Taken together, the transcriptome data suggest the possibility that the modulation of NF-kB signaling activity is a molecular signature of (111)In-trastuzumab-NLS and coadministration of bortezomib may be efficacious in enhancement of AE-RIT with (111)In-trastuzumab-NLS.

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