Journal Article Nuclear localization of ubiquitin-activating enzyme Uba1 is characterized in its mammalian temperature-sensitive mutant

Sugaya, Kimihiko  ,  Ishihara, Yoshie  ,  Inoue, Sonoe

20 ( 8 )  , pp.659 - 666 , 2015-08 , Wiley-Japan
In our previous study, a point mutation in Uba1, the gene encoding ubiquitin-activating enzyme, was identified in temperature-sensitive (ts) CHO-K1 mutant tsTM3 cells, which led to a Met-to-Ile substitution at amino acid 256 in Uba1 protein. Characterization of this mutant revealed a deficiency of nuclear Uba1 and impaired ubiquitination in the nucleus. The ts defects in tsTM3 were complemented by the expression of the wild-type Uba1 tagged with green fluorescent protein (GFP). In the present study, expression and localization of Uba1 were investigated using the various forms of Uba1 tagged with GFP. Western blot analysis and confocal microscopy revealed that nuclear localization of Uba1, as well as even the modified and truncated forms of Uba1, appears to be essential to rescue tsTM3 cells. The localization of Uba1 in the nucleus, even if it was a small amount, was proportional to the efficiency of complementation of tsTM3 cells. Uba1 plays an important role in the nucleus, and a ts mutation found in tsTM3 cells appears to result in the loss of localization of Uba1 in the nucleus.

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