||A Qualitative Approach to Investigate Japanese EFL Learners’ Willingness to Communicate in English : Stages of Research Methods
質的研究手法による日本人英語学習者の「英語で コミュニケーションを図りたいという気持ち」に ついて : 段階別研究手法の一例
久留米大学外国語教育研究所紀要 = Bulletin of the Institute of Foreign Language Education Kurume University
23 , 2015-03-31 , 久留米大学外国語教育研究所
Since MEXT introduced the new course of study for senior high schools in 2013, developing students’communication abilities has been emphasized more than ever before. The concept of willingness to communicate”, or WTC, has also been getting researchers’attention along with the interest in more communication oriented English education. Accordingly, the number of studies has continued to increase as one of the key issues at the secondary and tertiary levels, where the traditional style of English education was dominant for such a long time. This paper discusses the necessity of qualitative approaches to classroom research in Japan on the topic of Japanese EFL learners’ WTC in English by pointing out that the number of studies with qualitative research has been much fewer than quantitative studies. This paper presents a part of a qualitative study (Shimamura, 2012) as an example of a stage-by-stage research process based on the Grounded Theory approach utilizing classroom observations and interviews.