Departmental Bulletin Paper Reduplication and Blocking Effects in Japanese

吉田, 智行  ,  廣瀬, 紗也香

60pp.91 - 102 , 2018-03-31 , 国際基督教大学 , International Christian University
 本稿では,「高々と」「若々しい」「いろいろな」などの畳語表現に関して2 つの考察を試みる。1 つは,畳語の文法範疇に関する問題で,Embick &Marantz(2008),Borer(2013),Chomsky(2015)などで提案されている仮説を応用し,畳語の文法範疇は範疇を決定する主要部と結合することによって決定されるということを示す。もう1 つは,畳語の生産性とブロッキングに関する問題で,畳語のタイプによって異なる生産については性他所条件を使った説明を試みる。また,ブロッキングに関しては,標準的な分析とされてきたAronoff(1976)の分析と,分散形態論の枠組みにもとづいた分析を比較し,どのようなブロッキングの説明が可能なのかを考察する。
 This paper discusses two issues related to reduplicative forms (R-forms) in Japanese. The main data we focus on include such examples as taka·daka-to ‘highly’, waka·waka-sii ‘young-looking’, iro·iro-na ‘various’. The first issue has to do with categorization of these R-forms. Extending an analysis of categorization of roots developed by Embick & Marantz (2008), Borer (2013), Chomsky (2015), we claim that R-forms are unspecified as to syntactic category and get categorized via merger with a categorydefining functional element. The second issue has to do with productivity and blocking effects R-forms exhibit. For productivity, we employ a version of the elsewhere condition to account for the fact that one type of R-forms show low productivity. For blocking effects, we compare two types of analyses. One is a traditional analysis of blocking represented by Aronoff (1976). The other is an analysis in the framework of Distributed Morphology (DM). Our goal is to compare these two types of analyses and see how they manage to account for the Japanese data.

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