Departmental Bulletin Paper Face and Language Learning

武田, 礼子

58pp.121 - 127 , 2016-03-31 , 国際基督教大学 , International Christian University
This article reviews the underexplored area of face and language learning. While face research can generally be traced to communication studies, little has been studied empirically on face in second language research. This article starts with Goffman’s (1967) concept of face, which is the precursor of Brown and Levinson’s (1987) discussion of positive and negative face. Other researchers, such as Lim and Bowers (1991) also share Goffman and Brown and Levinson’s idea of a universal face construct, but face is considered a culture-specific phenomenon, which is said to have originated in China. This article introduces research on both universal face and culture-specific face, including studies involving Lim and Bowers’ (1991) face construct, as well as those involving Chinese students in the UK. This article concludes with the implications that emotions have on face, and the impact that emotions and face have in the language classroom.

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