Departmental Bulletin Paper Comparison of Parasitological Education in Veterinary Medicine,Medicine and Pharmaceutical Science Departments in Japan

小林, 淳  ,  池田, 啓一

Parasitic diseases, which are not uncommon in Japan, vary in their degree of severity. However, in recent years, topical news reporting on this subject has increased. Cryptosporidium parvum oocysts has caused diarrhea in Japanese residents who drank contaminated tap water, and there have been reports of patients with no overseas travel history who developed malaria in Japan. Additionally, Enterobiasis remains the most common parasitic infection affecting infants in kindergarten and nursery schools. While parasitic diseases of this type are a problem, the extent to which parasitology education is covered in the curriculum remains variable among national, public and private intuitions teaching Veterinary Medicine(VM),Medicine(M)and Pharmaceutical Sciences(P)in Japanese Universities. Here, we compared parasitology education in four faculties. Parasitology education among university faculties, in terms of its amount and quality, differs in the order of VM>M>P ~ 0. The presence of laboratory-based practical lessons generally indicates a higher standard of parasitology education. Furthermore, in national examinations, the number of parasitology-related questions differed in the order of VM>M~P; a trend reflecting the amount of parasitological education in a faculty curriculum. Given that Japan has a sub-tropical climate and an international world presence, it is important that education in parasitic diseases is improved across all faculties to which it is relevant.

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