Departmental Bulletin Paper The comparative study of environmental awareness on a local basis among elementary school students both in Japan and the U.S. : Taken from the cases in Choshi and Findlay
The comparative study of environmental awareness on a local basis among elementary school students both in Japan and the U.S. : Taken from the cases in Choshi and Findlay

安藤, 生大  ,  廣野, 允威  ,  森嵜, 正幸  ,  粕川, 正光

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In this research, we evaluated the quantitative environmental awareness of the 6th grade elementary school students in Choshi, Japan, and Findlay, in the US by means of a questionnaire comprised of the relevant question items, and to attribute the difference of awareness to the difference in social systems or public services. The results of the questionaries show the Findlay students are more concerned with environmental problems, and seem to know how to protect nature. However, they feel that nothing will change no matter what they do. On the other hand, the Choshi students are more interested in addressing environmental problems on a daily basis, and their self-efficacy is highly maintained. The purpose of this research is to compare the results of the questionnaire to the differences in social system on public services between Choshi and Findlay. The garbage disposal system in Findlay, contracting with private agencies, bury all garbage without separation. Under this system, it is expected that the students become less interested in addressing environmental problems, resulting in less self-efficacy of pro-environmental behavior. On the other hand, Choshi enforces separation of eleven types of garbage, and adults there are highly aware of environmental problems. This implies that the students in Choshi become more interested in addressing the environmental problems, and feel more self-efficacy of pro-environmental behavior because they are ethically influenced by those who are ready to address the environmental problems there. The outcome of multiple-regression analysis tells us that “Environmental Conservation Attitude” is the most important variable to explain “Pro-environmental Behavior”, regardless of a student’s nationality. Therefore, a stable and effective way to improve students’ “Pro-environmental Behavior” is to teach students the inherent value in all methods of cultivating the sense of regret concerning waste.
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