Departmental Bulletin Paper 青年と中高年における食生活とメンタルヘルスの関連性

福士, 一恵  ,  鈴木, 純子  ,  大塚, 吉則  ,  大久保, 岩男  ,  清水, 真理  ,  白幡, 亜希  ,  松下, 真美  ,  百々瀬, いづみ  ,  山口, 敦子  ,  梅澤, 敦子  ,  小林, 良子  ,  斉藤, 昌之  ,  久保, ちづる  ,  古川, 直美  ,  峯岸, 夕紀子  ,  武蔵, 学  ,  森谷, [キヨシ]

16 ( 1 )  , pp.1 - 19 , 2015-12-28 , 天使大学
【目的】食事摂取量や食パターンとメンタルヘルスの関連性の検討を行うとともに、性年齢階層別の差違についても検討した。【方法】2012 年7月~2013 年4月に、札幌市及びその近郊の地域住民207 名を対象とし、メンタルヘルスパターン(MHP)、簡易型自記式食事歴法質問票、食パターン調査を行った。MHP 各得点と栄養素・食品摂取量を相関係数検定で解析し重回帰分析を行った。【結果】207 名全体の栄養素摂取量を説明変数とし、各MHP 得点を従属変数とする重回帰分析の結果では、葉酸(β=0.15)、ダイゼイン(β=-0.27)、亜鉛(β=0.16)、飽和脂肪酸(β=-0.15)が回帰された(p<0.05)。男性青年群は他の群に比べてSCL 得点が高く、摂取している栄養素量が乏しかった(p<0.05)。【考察】夜食を摂取しない食パターンや葉酸、亜鉛の高摂取と飽和脂肪酸の低摂取がメンタルヘルス良好な状態に寄与している可能性が示唆された。【結論】食パターンや栄養素・食品摂取量は、性年齢階層別に違いがあり、これは、メンタルヘルスの状態と関連していた。
Purpose:This study investigated the relationship of the content of consumed food and nutrients and eating patterns to mental health, as well as the differences in these relationships when people are classified by gender and age.Methods:The subjects were 207 people living in Sapporo City and the surrounding areas, including male and female residents. The study period was from July 2012 to April 2013. Mental Health Pattern (MHP), a brief self-administered diet history questionnaire, and an eating pattern survey were used. Individual MHP scores and food and nutrition intake amounts were analyzed using Pearson’s correlation coefficient, and a multiple regression analysis was performed with the MHP score as the dependent variable.Results : The overall results for all 207 people of the multiple regression analysis, with nutritional intake as the independent variable and individual MHP scores as the dependent variable, indicated that folic acid (β = 0.15), daidzein (β = -0.27), zinc (β = 0.16), and saturated fatty acid (β = -0.15) were significant variables (p < 0.05). In a comparison by gender and age, young men were found to have higher Stress Check List(SCL) scores than the other groups (p < 0.05).Discussion:The results of the study suggest that a dietary pattern of not eating midnight snacks, high zinc intake, high folic acid intake, and low saturated fatty acid intake is related to a state of good mental health.Conclusion:Dietary pattern and the intake amounts of food and nutrients are clearly related to mental health state, and it is indicated that there are differences according to gender and age.

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