Departmental Bulletin Paper 経済発展段階における起業活動と二酸化炭素排出削減価値との関係

中村 寛樹

(第32号)  , pp.5 - 22 , 2018-02-28
ISSN:1347-9938
Description
 The existing literature shows a U-shaped relationship between start-up rates of enterprises or entrepreneurial activities and the levels of economic development, and an inverted U-shaped environmental Kuznets curve between environmental quality and economic development. However, the relationship between entrepreneurship and environmental quality or environmental value has not been taken into consideration in the process of economic development. This study clarifies the relationship between entrepreneurship and marginal abatement cost of CO₂ emissions in economic development. In order to calculate the marginal abatement cost of CO₂, the directional distance function was introduced. Moreover, the entrepreneurship factor was added to the production function while calculating the marginal abatement cost of CO₂. The results show a U-shaped relationship between entrepreneurship and marginal abatement cost of CO₂ emissions in economic development.
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