This paper focuses on YASUMI Saburo (1880‒1965), Vice-admiral of Japanese Imperial Navy and one of the “China Hands” and his “Plan for Chinese Naval Reconstruction”, proposed to Chinese Naval authorities during Taisho decade. He had a unique idea for National Defense, which emphasized cooperation between Japan and China and opposed to U.S. or German influence in the East Asia. This paper further pointed these points: (1) The moderates in Japanese Navy regarded Japanese military expansion toward China since the Twenty-One Demands as mistakes and useless for consolidating Japan’s endurable defense power. (2) The moderates also insisted on the need to improve Chinese national power, especially reconstructing her Navy. (3) Yasumi’s plan for Chinese Naval Reconstruction turned to be a root for the interchanges among Sino-Japanese navies during 1930s. The author fully uses Japanese and Chinese first-hand materials, such as Admiral Yasumi’s personal collections and his oral history.
八角三郎 中国海軍再建策 日中連携 米独対抗 日中海軍交流 中国通 YASUMI Saburo The Plan for Chinese Naval Reconstruction cooperation between Japan and China opposing to U.S. or German influence interchanges between Japanese and Chinese navy personnel China Hands