||ジョージ・H・W・ブッシュ政権初期の同盟政策 ― SNF問題とNATO首脳会談―
George H. W. Bush’s Administration and His Policy toward the Western Alliance: The Dispute over SNF Modernization and the NATO Summit in 1989
75 , 2015-08-27
The aim of this paper is to analyze President George H. W. Bush’s efforts to solve the dispute over SNF （Short-range Nuclear Forces） modernization within the Western alliance early in 1989. Recently, many works on the end of the Cold War have been published, based on newly declassified documents. These studies, focusing on thespecific year “1989”, aim to explain the international political process of German unification. Yet, many Cold War scholars don’t pay enough attention to the details and impact of the SNF issue. To appreciate the process of the Cold War’s demise, I think we have to revisit the SNF issue within NATO that occurred in early 1989, and which had a strong influence on the 41st President’s administration. In this paper, I will investigate the political process of the SNF modernization dispute from the perspective of U.S. foreign policy, using some primary sources located at George Bush Presidential Library and Museum （ Collage Station, Texas）. This paper will show that the administration struggled to relieve the strained situation over SNF modernization within the Western alliance and held a NATO summit successfully in May 1989.