Departmental Bulletin Paper Attitudes toward the Community and Characteristics of Leaders Managing Community-based Preventive Long-term Care Services

Hirano, Etsuko  ,  Ota, Kiyomi  ,  Ninomiya, Kazue

22 ( 2 )  , pp.53 - 60 , 2017
The purpose of this study was to identify characteristics of leaders managing communitybased preventive long-term care services. An anonymous self-administered questionnaire surveywas conducted with 109 leaders preparing and managing venues for physical exercise and 109 exercise participants. The questionnaire included demographics (gender, age etc.), perceived health status, anxiety about the future, mixing with neighbors, roles in the community, attitudes toward the community. Data were analyzed using χ2 and t -tests. A stepwise multiple logistic regression analysis method was also performed with significant variables as independent variables and the leader/participant position as the dependent variable. Of 197 returned questionnaires (response rate 90.4%) 188 without missing data were analyzed. It was found that the leaders were younger than the exercise participants, not care-need certificated persons, mixed well with neighbors, had roles in the community and had positive attitudes toward the community. Multiple logistic regression with significant variables as explanatory variables revealed that the leaders scored higher both in roles in the community (OR=3.23, 95%CI 1.72-6.06) and attitudes toward the community (OR=1.06, 95%CI 1.01-1.12). Findings suggest that leaders managing preventive longterm care venues for older people have one or more roles in the community and positive attitudes toward the community.

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