A study of "adj+descending" and "adj+ascending" in modern Chinese in semantics and time
梁, 玥Liang, Yue
93 , 2017-11-30 , 鹿児島国際大学大学院
The “ascending” and “descending” in modern Chinese can not only be used as predicates, but also can be used asdirectional verbs followed by verbs and adjectives. Following the adjective, the verbs indicate the quality and state of theobject and also have temporal meaning. So far, the study with time as an object is very rare. In this paper, it marks thestructure of the “adjective + directional verb” with the form of “adj + descending” and “adj + ascending”, taking the timecharacteristics into the exploration content, and discusses the similarities and differences in the two aspects of semanticsand time.On the semantic side, the “adj + descending” indicates the downward continuation and parallel continuation. Thedownward continuation implies the negative semantics, while the parallel continuation implies the positive semantics.On the other hand, “ adj + ascending” means the beginning of ascending and the process of ascending. The beginningand process of ascending carries positive semantics.In time, the downward continuation can be further divided into the continuation of the state and the persistence of theresult. Parallel continuation only indicates the continuation of the state. On the other hand, the temporal characteristicsof “ adj + ascending” is: if it is the beginning of ascending, it is persistence of the properties or degree; if it is the processof ascending, it is continuation.