A study on the political thought of Xun Zi
侯, 雨萌Hou, Yumeng
81 , 2017-11-30 , 鹿児島国際大学大学院
This study analyzes the political thought of Xun Zi, a Chinese Confucian philosopher who lived during the WarringStates period (475–221BC). Ideas on Xun Zi’s propriety, righteous and military government are clarified.Three conclusions are suggested as the main findings of this current study. First, the political propriety—meaning theprecepts and behaviors that sovereigns should follow—that Confucius inherited from the Zhou dynasty was adhered toexactly as it was prescribed. Xun Zi, however, advocated that all things adapting to the minds of people are propriety,therefore he expanded the sphere of propriety. Second, Xun Zi considered righteous government as the most ideal formof politics, but his ideas of righteous government included military strength and law, which was different from Mencius’sconcept of righteous government. Thirdly, Xun Zi acknowledged the legitimacy and value of military government andplaced military government next to the righteous government. But unlike Mencius, Xun Zi insisted that militarygovernment also needs humanity and righteousness.In earlier studies (Uchiyama, 1999), it was thought that Xun Zi added elements such as sincerity or love for the peopleinto the traditional military government. In contrast, this study reveals it was not Xun Zi but Mencius who changed theconcept of the traditional military government. Xun Zi approved Guan Zhong’s ideas of military government, whichwere generally considered as concepts at that time, and Xun Zi preached the military government to sovereigns exactlyas it was.