||中国語における「V+"得" / "不"+"来"」の構文的特徴に関する考察
A study on the structural character of "V+De / Bu+Lai" in Chinese
丁, 飒飒Ding, Sasa
66 , 2017-11-30 , 鹿児島国際大学大学院
In this paper I considered the structural character of “V +De/Bu+ Lai” structures in Chinese. The following conclusionswere obtained.When V is a volitional verb, it means whether or not the action can be realized. V can be the verb that represents mutualactivities, the verb that represents eating, the verb that represents the movement like “Shang” “Xia” “Jin” “Chu” “Hui”“Guo”, the verb that represents expression activities, the verb that represents causing a change of ownership, the verbthat represents execution or correspondence.When V is a non-volitional verb, it means whether or not the phenomenon will appear. V can be the non-volitional verb,the verb that represents the movement of inanimate subject. When V is a non-volitional verb, “V +Bu+ Lai” is a naturalsentence, but “V +De+ Lai” does not seem to appear in a statement sentence. However, when it is an interrogativesentence, or when it’s concurrent with the adverb which shows denial like “Mei” “Meiyou” “Weibi”, or when it’sconcurrent with the adverb which shows time like “Cai”, or when it is used as parallel construction, “V +De+ Lai” is anatural sentence.