||具象化される童謡・唱歌の世界 : シミュラークルとしての「日本人の心のふるさと」
The realization of the world of Doyo and Shoka : spiritual hometown of the Japanese people as Simulacre
井手口, 彰典 ,
イデグチ, アキノリIdeguchi, Akinori
36 , 2017-03-30 , 鹿児島国際大学附置地域総合研究所
In modern Japan, Doyo [童謡] (children’s songs, particularly those published after the Taishoperiod) and Shoka [唱歌] (Japanese traditional school songs) are considered the Spiritual Hometownof the Japanese people. Many books, magazines, and websites treat Doyo and Shoka asnostalgic objects, endangered cultural assets, or important message that should be preserved forfuture generations.Most importantly, the lyrically portrayed scenes of Doyo and Shoka tend to be connected tothe actual landscapes or the people who lived in the specific places. For example, what is themountain named “Kano Yama” (that mountain) in the lyrics of the song Furusato [故郷]? And whois the girl in red shoes described in the song Akai Kutsu [赤い靴]? Such discourses assign specifichistorical or geographical spaces to the scenes in the songs, and they sometimes encourageus to visit the places to find our Spiritual Hometown.However, as argued in this paper, the connections between the songs and real places are notconcrete because they often are based on unverifiable or arbitrary suppositions. The question is:Why do we work so hard to link abstract lyrical worlds to real places without sufficient proof?The answer might be that we want to secure and bless our Spiritual Hometown, which is likelyto be lost over time. Through our efforts to realize the scenes portrayed in songs, we actuallydrag out the INDEX of the Spiritual Hometown into our physical spaces. However, this INDEXis not very compatible with our individual life histories. The author, born and raised in HiroshimaPrefecture, has no relationship to the INDEX of “Kano Yama”, which is believed to be located inNagano Prefecture. Yet, most of us accept such INDEXs as things that lead us to our SpiritualHometown. In that sense, the INDEX is like simulacre, imitations made to conform to indeterminateimages appropriate to the subject.