紀要論文 A PRELIMINARY APPROACH FOR JAPANESE LEARNERS OF AMERICAN LAW : A BRIEF INTRODUCTION TO FEDERALISM AND OTHER BASICS
A PRELIMINARY APPROACH FOR JAPANESE LEARNERS OF AMERICAN LAW : A BRIEF INTRODUCTION TO FEDERALISM AND OTHER BASICS

キャンデル, キャリン

51 ( 3/4 )  , pp.715 - 752 , 2018-01 , 京都産業大学法学会
ISSN:0286-3782
NII書誌ID(NCID):AN00099344
内容記述
Ⅰ.INTRODUCTIONⅡ.FEDERALISM IN THE UNITED STATES ― THE BASICS A.What is federalism ? B.Why does the United States have a federal system of government? C.The Division ofPowers Under Federalism D.The Expansion in Practice ofthe Federal Governmentʼs Powers and Roles E.The Supremacy ofFederal LawⅢ.THE PRACTICAL CONSEQUENCES OF FEDERALISM IN THE UNITED STATES A.Separate Sovereign Jurisdictions B.Multiple Court Systems C.Multiple Layers ofGovernments and Lawmakers D.Multiple Layers ofLaw  1.Overview  2.U. S. Constitution and State Constitutions  3.The Law in Each State is Different E.Native American Jurisdiction, Courts, Lawmakers and LawⅣ.FEDERALISM IN PRACTICE IN THE UNITED STATES A.Overview B.An Example Case ― Minimum Wage C.Historical Evolution in Federalism and the Roles ofthe Federal, State and Local Governments D.Federal, State and Local Governments and Law Work Together E.Conflicts Between the Federal and State Governments  1.Overview  2.Statesʼ Rights and Federal Power Cases  3.The Conflict Over the Legalization of Marijuana in a Growing Number ofStates  4.The Death Penalty F.Conflicts Between State and Local GovernmentsⅤ.CAUTIONS FOR STUDYING AND UNDERSTANDING THE LAW AND LEGAL SYSTEMS OF THE UNITED STATES AND ELSEWHERE A.Federalism is Completely Separate and Distinct from Separation ofPowers B.Federalism is Completely Separate and Distinct from Common Law C.Each Country and Other Jurisdiction Must be Considered SeparatelyⅥ.CONCLUSION
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