||A Consideration of the Educational and Illuminative Function of the Actor in Richard Wagner’s Essay On the Actor and Singer
リヒャルト・ヴァーグナーにおける俳優の教育啓蒙的な機能についての考察 : 論考『俳優と歌手について』を手がかりに
102 , 2016-03 , 京都産業大学
This paper addresses the essay On the Actor and Singer (Über Schauspieler und Sänger) (1872) by Richard Wagner, the nineteenth-century German composer, and investigates his views on the national educational and illuminative function of the actor. Conventional research has not regarded how Wagner valued, from a viewpoint of cultural nationalism, the actor’s important abilities and function. Wagner realized the actor’s cooperativity and artistry in German theater, and recognized him not only as a mere medium between artwork and audience, but also as a teacher who has a didactic effect on the audience. In his relationships with actors, Wagner paid attention especially to their acting capabilities and recitation techniques. From the viewpoint of theater history and artistic discussions of the nineteenth century, this paper discusses how Wagner also emphasized the actor’s function and educational effect as a teacher as entailing an advanced acting technique and performance. Furthermore, in the context of Hegel’s aesthetics and Schopenhauer’s philosophy, Wagner considered how actors’ “self-abandonment” realized a high order of art and didactic effect. We can see here a new image of the actor, built by Wagner in his conception of total art, as a public person who connected to the actor’s mechanical function in the dramatic staging of the age of the “director’s theater” (Regietheater) of the avant-garde.