||日本における乳児保育の史的考察II - 1955年から1960年代半ば -
Historical consideration of Japanese care and education for children under three in the postwar period - Focused on 1955 ～ mid-1960 -
韓, 仁愛||ハン, インエイ||Han, Inae
27p.151 , 2016-03 , 帝京平成大学
The rapid increase in the number of female workers brought about by the high economic growth rate policies enacted from around 1955 led to a heightened need for working mothers to find care and education for children under three. Conversely, the emphasis was placed on home care by mothers, and it was an era in which not only were there very few nurseries capable of taking care of infants, it was also an era in which mothers felt a sense of guilt at entrusting their children to nurseries. Amid this social environment, the necessity for care and education for children under three was covered by nurseries jointly operated by the parents themselves being established in all regions, which promoted numerical increases in care and education for children under three and acted as the foundation for qualitative increases from the 1970s onwards. This paper focuses on the period from 1955 to the late 1960s. It examines the background of this period, which was instrumental in coining the phrase “Three-Year Old Child Myth< advocating that it is advisable for infants to be raised by their mothers until the age of three, and clarifies exactly how care and education for children under three became widespread in practice amid the arguments that flourished at the time.