Departmental Bulletin Paper 第1次五カ年計画期(1928-1932)のソ連極東漁業における日本人労働者-頻発する労働争議とその背景-


1 ( 創刊号 )  , pp.89 - 102 , 2016-04-28 , 新潟国際情報大学国際学部
The Soviet fishery industry in the Soviet Far East made rapid progress in the first Five-Year Plan (1928 - 1932). Soviet state-owned fishery companies made better catches and produced increasingly greater quantities of canned fish each year. Soviet fishery companies were then in competition with powerful Japanese companies that operated many demarcated fisheries along the Soviet Far East coast, especially in Kamchatka, since the Portsmouth Peace Treaty (1905). In 1928, the USSR and Japan concluded their new fishery treaty that did not favor Soviet fisheries. The Soviet government attempted to promote Soviet fishery with the aid of Japanese fishery materials and transport ships. Over 4000 seasonal migrant workers from Japan contributed to the great success of Soviet companies. However, these companies experienced many labor disputes by Japanese workers, especially in 1929. The workers complained about the terms of their contracts, which often differed from those presented in advance by employment agents in Japan. These companies also lacked sufficient arrangements for good operations, which was a cause of concern among workers who expected to be paid according to a percentage of profits.

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