紀要論文 新設A看護系大学生の領域別実習前における心理社会的状況の検討
Investigation of psychosocial status of university students at a newly established Nursing University “A” prior to their beginning clinical practice

櫻井, 美奈  ,  中原, るり子  ,  岸田, 泰子  ,  佐藤, 京子  ,  Mina, Sakurai  ,  Ruriko, Nakahara  ,  Yasuko, Kishida  ,  Kyoko, Sato

内容記述
新設A看護系大学生における臨地実習前の不安、実習意欲、実習期待、コミュニケーション・スキル(以下、CS)、ソーシャル・サポートの心理社会的状況と変数間の関連を検討し実習指導に役立てることを目的に対象者85名に質問紙調査を行い、以下を明らかにした。①実習前の状態不安および特性不安は高かった。②実習意欲は中程度であるが実習期待は高かった。③CSでは「他者受容」「解読力」が高く、「表現力」「自己主張」は低いと自覚していた。④ソーシャル・サポートを受けていると知覚していた。⑤心理社会的変数間には相互に関連を認めた。なかでも状態不安と関連を認めた特性不安は、CSの「自己統制」「関係調整」と負の相関を示した。このことから不安の高い者は感情のコントロールや気持ちを他者に伝えることが苦手である可能性が示唆された。以上から不安の強い学生への慎重な関わりとアサーティブなCS向上への支援の必要性が示唆された。
The aim of this study was to investigate the psychosocial status of nursing college students regarding their anxiety, training motivation, training expectations, communication skills, and social support, prior to the start of their clinical practical training, and the relationships between these variables, in order to provide useful guidance information for instructors. To achieve this, we had 85 nursing students complete a paper questionnaire at the newly established University A, and uncovered the following findings;(1)Students' state and trait anxiety were both high before training commencement. (2)Training motivation was moderate, whereas training expectations were high. (3)In terms of the students' communication skills, their “acceptance of others” and “decoding ability” were noticeably high, while “expressive ability” and “assertiveness” were low. (4)Students perceived themselves to be receiving social support. (5) Psychosocial variables were observed to be mutually related. In particular, trait anxiety, which itself was found to be related to state anxiety, exhibited negative correlations with the communication skills of “self-control” and “relational maintenance”. This implied that high-anxiety individuals may have weak emotional control and struggle to convey their feelings to others.The above findings suggested the necessity for instructors to connect particularly with high-anxiety students, and provide assistance to these students in improving their communication skills so that they are able to be more assertive.
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