Departmental Bulletin Paper 「火車」を見る者たち―平安・鎌倉期往生説話の〈死と救済〉―
Those Who See Kasha (Fire Chariot):Death and Salvation in the Buddhist Setsuwa on Passing into the Next Life in the Heian and Kamakura Periods.

藤井, 由紀子  ,  フジイ, ユキコ  ,  Yukiko, FUJII

  This paper examines concepts of death and salvation in the Heian and Kamakura periods by considering the reasons why Kasha appeared in the Setsuwa literature on passing into the next life. First, I point out that Kasha was connected with sin by comparing the biography of Saigen in Konjyaku monogatari shu with a different version of it contained in Nihon ojyo gokuraku ki. Furthermore, the sin turned out to be a serious one, equivalent to Gogyaku (the five Buddhist deadly sins) through a comparison of Kasha stories on a sinners death in Konjyaku monogatari shu and Hobutsu shu. Kasha tales in Hobutsu shu and Hosshin shu, whose source was Ojyo yo shu, were formed under the strong influence of Rinju Gyogi (Ars Moriendi). In contrast, an episode of Kasha in Konjyaku monogatari shu focuses a dramatic aspect of the story. It adumbrated the strangeness of Kasha which would become Yokai, depicting its figure exposed to the eyes of the third party.

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