||保健師の子ども虐待の初期リスクアセスメントの実態に関する研究 : 保健師が支援した子ども虐待事例を通して
Initial Risk Assessment of Child Abuse : Analysis of data on support cases by public health nurses
松田, 宣子 ,
石井, 美由紀 ,
奥田, 博子 ,
倉田, 哲也内村, 利恵
142 , 2016-03-31 , 関西国際大学
Purpose: This study attempts to clarify the actual situation of public health nurses’(PHNs’) initial risk assessment of child abuse.Methods: We conducted an anonymous self-administered questionnaire survey by mail. 578 participants who had worked as PHNs for more than three years were randomly recruited from across Japan for this study. All participants were divided into three groups,“prefecture group (n = 334)”, “government-decreed city group (n = 184)”, and “municipality group (n = 47)”. The data were analyzed statistically using the chi-square test, one-way ANOVA, and multiple comparison of Tuckey b.Results: A statistically significant difference was found between the demographic characteristics of three groups and the use of the scale at the time of the initial risk assessment of child abuse. There was also a statistically significant association with the number of support cases of child abuse per PHN and the use of the scale at the time of the initial risk assessment.Discussion: These findings indicate the initial risk assessment scale is required for PHNs to support abused children appropriately.