Departmental Bulletin Paper 入学前来日集中日本語講座の効果 : 日本語能力試験N3以上N2未達の日本語学習者を対象に
Effects of a pre-admission intensive Japanese language training : To Chinese students with between N2 and N3 level of Japanese proficiency

飯島, 有美子

(17)  , pp.1 - 10 , 2016-03-31 , 関西国際大学
ISSN:13455311
NCID:AA11544811
Description
This paper discusses the effects of an intensive Japanese language training provided to Chinese students prior to their admission to a Japanese university. One-month intensive course was provided to the Chinese students who were entering in the third year of a Japanese university and whose Japanese proficiency level was between N2 and N3 of the Japanese Proficiency Test. Past official second grade level of Japanese proficiency tests were used as the pre- and post- tests to measure the students’ improvements. The results show 1) the one-month intensive course was not effective to raise students scores in the ‘vocabulary’section, 2) in the ‘listening section,’ the students fell into two groups; one with great improvement and the other with no improvement, 3) in the ‘Reading and grammar’ section,one group showed much improvement while the other made a little improvement, 4) those who scored only 178 on the pre-test could reach the criteria to pass N2 level (240 points) at the end of the intensive training, 5) most students reported that they felt some improvements in their Japanese language skills regardless of their actual test scores. These results indicate that this kind of pre-admission intensive language training can be more effective if it put more emphasis on listening, reading and grammar rather than vocabulary.
本稿では,大学における留学生対象の入学前来日集中日本語講座の効果について論じる。日本語能力試験N3以上N2未達の大学3年次編入予定者を対象に,入学前に早めに来日させ,約1か月間の日本語集中講座を行った。講座開始時と修了時の日本語力を測るために,旧日本語能力試験2級の過去問題を受けさせた。その結果、日本語力の伸びの傾向として,①「文字・語彙」は,1か月の集中講座ではさほど得点が伸びなかった,②「聴解」は,得点が大きく伸びた者と全く伸びなかった者に大きく分かれた,③「読解・文法」は,得点が大きく伸びた者とあまり伸びなかった者に大きく分かれた,④開始時に合計点が178点の者でも,修了時にN2合格(240点)レベルにまで到達する可能性がある,⑤実際の日本力の伸びとは関係なく,自分の日本語力が上がったと実感している受講者が多かったことが見られた。したがって,今回のような入学前来日集中日本語講座では,「文字・語彙」よりも,まずは伸びが期待できる「聴解」と「読解・文法」に力を入れた方が効果が表れやすいのではないだろうか。
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