Departmental Bulletin Paper 中東欧の体制移行国におけるボローニャ・プロセスと高等教育改革
The Bologna Process and higher education reform in transitional countries in Central and Eastern Europe


The Bologna Process is currently in progress with 47 participating countries from Western Europe, Central and Eastern Europe, and Central Asia with an eye towards the establishment of European Higher Education Area. Following the Bologna Declaration adopted in 1999, this process aims at the standardization of degree cycle, credit system, and curriculum which will foster student mobility and inter-university competition, which then would lead to the competitiveness of European universities. Western Europe promoted the Bologna Process within the context of European integration. However, most transitional countries in Central and Eastern Europe (former communist bloc countries, former USSR countries, and former Yugoslavian countries) pursued freedom, democracy and market mechanisms, and re-Europeanization after the end of Cold War. In this sense, these transitional countries treat the Bologna Process as an important avenue for the release from Soviet and Russian infl uences on their higher education. This article is an attempt to understand the meanings and signifi cance of the political and cultural aspects of the Bologna Process in these transitional countries, based on the literature review on the Bologna implementation.

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