紀要論文 Considerations of the Influence of Jean Racine on Samuel Beckett’s Plays

29pp.35 - 43 , 2018-03-31麻布大学 , Azabu University
ISSN:1346-5880
NII書誌ID(NCID):AA11561468
内容記述
One of the characteristics of Samuel Beckett’s plays is found in the structure and monologic lines. Beckett who made efforts to describe prosaic works felt some kind of tolerance for its expression after the war. But the essence of a peculiar monologic style by a first person narrator and the chaos created by words are inherited to his plays. Destiny with impasse in prose is converted into a play, Waiting for Godot. The symmetrical structure and monologic lines form two repetitive acts with no dramatic development. The sluggish progression without vividly dramatic effect create a peculiar world which symbolizes a situation where people are placed in the depth of despair. On this point, it can be supposed that Beckett was influenced by Racine’s plays, especially Berenice. In almost the same period in which he wrote Godot, Beckett re-read Racine’s plays and comprehended the effect of the dramas. He thought that the essence of Berenice lies in the pre-destined fate and plain dialogue between its characters, or its non-vivid development. He must have applied these effects to his own plays. Dialogue consisted of monologic words, development without vivid drama and the pre-destined fate of people; effects which proved useful for Beckett’s dramas for the present age. Happy Days reflects the undramatic drama of Berenice. Therefore, Winnie is the deformed character, consisting of Beckett’s monologic expression.
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