キワニスドール®への描画によって表出された入院中の幼児の思い─ 思いを表出させる援助の意義 ─キワニスドール®への描画によって表出された入院中の幼児の思い─ 思いを表出させる援助の意義 ─ The feelings of hospitalized young children expressed by drawings on the Kiwanis Doll®─The significance of supporting the expression of feelings─
The aim of this study was to report on the process by which young hospitalized children express their feelings by drawing on the Kiwanis Doll® and to investigate the significance of supporting the expression of feelings. Data were gathered using a participatory observation method based on the dolls on which the children drew freely. Results show that three young children expressed their feelings by drawing on the dolls. Patient A described a painful enema experience. Patient B expressed itchiness and the desire to return to kindergarten. Patient C, who was blind, was unable to directly express his or her feelings regarding symptoms and care through drawing but came to enjoy the process of drawing and the involvement with others through drawing. The results also suggested that drawing on the dolls was a communication tool to enable young children with insufficient language abilities to express their feelings, to allow them to receive psychological care for painful memories, and to construct good relationships of trust with medical practitioners. Therefore, the dolls contribute to respecting the opinions of young hospitalized children.