A Study of the Role and Responsibility of the State in Childcare Services
82 , 2018-03 , 東洋英和女学院大学
In Japan, the Deregulation Action Program approved by the Cabinet in 1995 was the motive to actively promote anew a variety of deregulations and regulatory reforms. Such significances have continued to be an issue in the policy of decreasing birth rate and the number of children on enrolment waiting. There are divers’ childcare services in Japan, licensed day care centers, center for early childhood education and care, company-led childcare business, non-licensed day care facilities, so on. For example, ‘licensed day care centers’ are day care centers that have been approached by prefectural governors in accordance with specific criteria and child welfare facilities that observe child welfare center minimum standards on facilities and operation and provide care based on day care center care guidelines. However, the quality of the childcare is decreasing with deregulation. The research thus highlights the importance of developing policies that recognise the distinctive responsibilities of the public and voluntary sectors as well as maintaining the independence and equality of the two sectors.