Departmental Bulletin Paper 若者の「関係性のなかでの自立」の促進要因と抑制要因の検討 : デンマークと日本との比較を通して
A Study on Promotional and Suppression Factors of the Independence in Interpersonal Relationships among Young People : Comparison between Denmark and Japan

川崎, 末美  ,  吉野, 舞起子

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Independence in interpersonal relationships, which means maintaining person-to-person interaction without being suppressed by others or locking oneself in a shell, is one of the most important tasks in human development for Japanese young people. This issue is closely related to selfesteem and communication skills. However, various research and studies have indicated that these levels are low in Japanese youth.The aim of this study is to discover what kind of child-raising environment is needed to develop the independence in interpersonal relationships among young people.The method of the study is comparative research. The researchers looked for differences in the child-raising environment of families and society between Japanese and Danish young people who seem to have obtained a level of independence in interpersonal relationships. In the first phase, researchers conducted questionnaires in Japan (high school and college students in Sapporo City) and Denmark(high school and vocational school students in Helsingør) from October 2008 to February 2009. The researchers received 294 answers from Sapporo, and 305 from Helsingør. In the second phase, faceto-face interview sessions were conducted with five fathers and four mothers in August 2014, August 2015, and September 2016 in Helsingør, Denmark.The findings of the study can be summarized in three points. (1) Young Danish people attain a relatively high level of independence in interpersonal relationships. (2) Promotional factors of independence in interpersonal relationships are as follows. Danish adults, such as parents and teachers, respect children’s thoughts and ideas from early childhood. Danish family members respect family interaction, conversation, and integration based upon their own values and work-life balance. Danish society provides social devices for young people to grow into adulthood in a short time. (3) Suppression factors of independence in interpersonal relationships in Japan are human values of emphasizing academic skills and social hierarchy.As a result, in order to improve the independence of young people in interpersonal relationships,social and cultural structures are crucial as well as parents’ child rearing attitudes. This research concluded that in order to raise young people in a healthy manner in Japanese society, it is necessary to change the current situation at the political, educational, and business organization levels.
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