Departmental Bulletin Paper ルカの哲学的風味に対する哲学的吟味 ―使徒言行録 17章16~34節「アテナイのパウロ」の叙述―
A Philosophical Examination on Some Philosophical Flavors of Luke ― The Description of “Paul in Athens” in Acts 17: 16~34 ―

三上, 章

This article is an attempt to deal with the description of “Paul in Athens” in Acts 17: 16~34 as one of Greek classical texts and to examine philosophically some philosophical flavors which Luke gives off in it, especially an image of Socrates-like Paul and an image of a stalking horse-like Epicurus. There may be an objection from the side of the Christian orthodoxy to this manner of dealing with a biblical text.However, insofar as Luke refers to philosophical matters, and that seriously, it is inevitable to respond to him philosophically. In short, this article has no apologetic intension. It is rather an investigation into how much Luke is able to endure the scrutiny by the pursuits of classics and philosophy.For this purpose the above-mentioned text will be closely examined verse by verse. The expected results obtained from the examination will be as follows:1. Luke’s image of Socrates-like Paul is portrayed in densely Stoic colors and is exclusively exploited for the apologetic and evangelistic purpose. He showslittle or no interest in the philosophy in proper form.2. Luke’s image of the Epicureans is a stereotype. They are merely given the backseat role of a foil or a ‘scapegoat’ in order to add spice to the supremacyof Christianity allied with Stoicism. There can be found no sign on the part of Luke to try to understand either Epicurus or the Epicureans.

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