protestant missionaries late Edo early Meiji “HAKUBUTSU-SHINPEN”
Departmental Bulletin Paper
After the Opium War, many Protestant missionaries entered China and wrote many Chinese books. Theirmost important work by Protestant missionaries, is a Chinese missionary document such as Chinese Bible anddoctrine manual. However, they had also written introduction manual of modern Western culture at the sametime. They were considered to see the reality of pre-modern Chinese society for each side of the political, economicand cultural, it is necessary to introduce the Western modern culture in China. They were more and moreChinese to order to lead to the Christian faith, published in succession the enlightening manual of modernWestern culture in China. Several types of science book are included in it. One book is “HAKUBUTSUSHINPEN（博物新編）”. This book, published after being shortly imported into Japan, had an impact on themodernization of Japan. “HAKUBUTSU-SHINPEN” became the foundation of Japan’s science in the early Meijifrom the end of the late Edo period.