Departmental Bulletin Paper Developing Intercultural Communication in an ELF Program through Digital Pen Pal Exchange

Flowers, Simeon

1 ( 1 )  , pp.25 - 39 , 2015-04-01
Development of English as a Lingua Franca (ELF) is parallel to development of intercultural communicative competence. However, ethnocentrism is seen as a major obstacle in developing intercultural communication. Increasing intercultural experience is prescribed as a method for overcoming ethnocentrism. This paper reports on a study involving 49 Japanese ELF students who were enlisted to participate in a six-week digital pen pal exchange. Using a pretest-posttest experimental design, the effects of the exchange were quantified. Results of this study revealed both decreases in ethnocentricity and increases in intercultural confidence as a result of this six-week exchange. This study contributes to research into effective ELF practices and the use of technology to support intercultural development.

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