Developing Intercultural Communication in an ELF Program through Digital Pen Pal ExchangeDeveloping Intercultural Communication in an ELF Program through Digital Pen Pal ExchangeAA12718190 ELFプログラムにおけるデジタルペンパル交流による異文化コミュニケーションの発達
Development of English as a Lingua Franca (ELF) is parallel to development of intercultural communicative competence. However, ethnocentrism is seen as a major obstacle in developing intercultural communication. Increasing intercultural experience is prescribed as a method for overcoming ethnocentrism. This paper reports on a study involving 49 Japanese ELF students who were enlisted to participate in a six-week digital pen pal exchange. Using a pretest-posttest experimental design, the effects of the exchange were quantified. Results of this study revealed both decreases in ethnocentricity and increases in intercultural confidence as a result of this six-week exchange. This study contributes to research into effective ELF practices and the use of technology to support intercultural development.