97 , 2015-12 , The Medical Society of Toho University
Data RyōtōShōwaGoroku is a record of medical dialogues between Japanese acupuncture specialists and the Korean physician DuMun Ki, who was in Japan accompanying Joseon envoys in 1711. In this book, the author ― one of the Japanese acupuncture specialists ― describes a scene in which DuMun Ki used a book to illustrate the use of acupuncture in clinical settings. The present study attempts to identify and trace the source of the book and its contents. This study carefully investigated RyōtōShōwaGoroku and ChimGuKyungHumBang and compared the “byulhyul” acupuncture points listed in ChimGuKyungHumBang and the Acupuncture and Moxibustion section of DongEuiBoGam. According to the author of RyōtōShōwaGoroku, the book brought from Korea by DuMun Ki in 1711 describes “jing-rong-shu-jing-he”(main meridian acupuncture points) and byulhyul (alternative acupuncture points) and lists more than 50 byulhyul points. Similarly, descriptions of jing-rong-shu-jing-he and 58 byulhyul points are found in ChimGuKyungHumBang, which was published in 1644. Jing-rong-shu-jing-he is one of the basic theories of acupuncture and is therefore included in general acupuncture books from Korea and other countries. However, although byulhyul points were introduced in the DongEuiBoGam, in 1613, the concept of byulhyul was not widely accepted until the publication of ChimGuKyungHumBang, in 1644. The evidence indicates that the book presented by DuMun Ki in 1711 was ChimGuKyungHumBang.