紀要論文 20世紀初頭のイタリアにおける国民意識創出の試み : 子ども向け日曜新聞 Il giornalino della domenicaとLuigi Bertelliについての一考察
An Attempt to Build up a Strong Italian National Consciousness at the Outset of the 20th Century : A Study of Il giornalino della domenica and Luigi Bertelli

上野, 隆生

10pp.7 - 23 , 2017-03-10 , 和光大学現代人間学部
ISSN:18827292
NII書誌ID(NCID):AA12320194
内容記述
This article focuses on Luigi Bertelli (alias Vamba) and the initial stage of Il giornalino della domenica (1906-1927), specifically, between June 1906 and December 1907. That means the period of Giolitti, or in the midst of the “giolittismo”. Both Vamba and Il giornalino della domenica are worthy of attention for analyzing the background of the nationalism in Italy. Deeply influenced by the Risorgimento, as well as Garibaldi and Mazzini, the “latecomer” Vamba aimed to build a unified community of Italian children and to form a firm national identity in the would-be Italian nation.Because he assumed readers of the paper as children or younger people, Vamba was deeply aware of its educational effects. But far from the traditional teachers’ way of looking down children, Vamba did take children as company or friends. Il giornalino della domenica is also distinguished by its highly artistic mind, such as various novels, poems, correspondence, short stories, allegories, photos, and unique and wonderful illustrations. Instead of making children bored, Vamba tried to encourage them to be curious and intelligent. Il giornalino della domenica was published to attain these wide-ranged purposes.Probing into Vamba’s articles of Il giornalino della domenica, we can draw a conclusion that Vamba emphasized two basic values. One is peculiar to Italy and the other is quite universal : the former is the formation of national identity or national consciousness as Italian, and the latter is the good faith (“bontà” in Italian) and consideration for others. It can be said that both of them are integral to each other, although there existed fundamental contradiction between the two values. With that ambivalence, these values would nurture the nationalism which was at that time still in embryo.
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