An Analysis on the Projects Structure to Expand Renewable Energy ― A Case Study of the Maniwa Biomass Project in Japan by Checking from the Viewpoint of PPP (Public Private Partnership) ―An Analysis on the Projects Structure to Expand Renewable Energy ― A Case Study of the Maniwa Biomass Project in Japan by Checking from the Viewpoint of PPP (Public Private Partnership) ―AN00071538
After the adoption of UNFCCC in 1992, the expansion of renewable energies has been pursued by planning various regional development projects in Japan. In this paper, we made a case study on the regional development project of Maniwa City in Japan. Because this project has continued during past 24 years step by step, we can definitely say this project is one of successful examples. First, though the regional development projects in Japan were often made under the leadership of the central governments, they were not always successful. Judging from the case of Maniwa, the participation of local players from the public, private and other sectors and the cooperation among them would be crucial. Second, the searches and pursuits of local needs would be a quite important task for the regional developments. In the case of Maniwa, this role has been charged by NPO “Maniwa circle for the 21st century.” The function for local opinion exchanges would be also crucial. Third, the participation of powerful local companies would be essential to accomplish the projects. In the case of Maniwa, this role has been played by Meiken Kogyo Co., one of local leading company in the wood sector. The participation of local strong company from the private sector would be essential. Forth, the continuous piling up of various projects step by step over the long period would be required for the successful developments. Because of this, the role of local government such as Maniwa city government and its connection to central government would be also a key factor.