新大久保地区における在留外国人住民の多国籍化 ―都市部の多文化共生を考える前に―新大久保地区における在留外国人住民の多国籍化 ―都市部の多文化共生を考える前に―AN00170380 The Multinationalization of Residential Areas in the Shin-Okubo Area: Considering Multicultural Coexistence in Urban Areas
This paper examines the multinationalization of foreign residents in the Shin-Okubo area of Tokyo, Japan, by way of statistical data provided by the central and local governments.While the Shin-Okubo area has long been known as a Korean town in Japan, the area is now becoming more multinational. In particular, the number of residents from Vietnam and Nepal has increased dramatically over the past five years. Whereas many Vietnamese come to Japan as trainees of the Technical Intern Training Program promoted by Japanese government or as international students, many Nepalese work cooks in the Indian and Nepalese local food restaurants, accompanied by their families. These drastic changes are considered the cause of conflicts that derive from the violation of rules in these residential areas, such as those regarding garbage disposal, between old and new foreign residents. In fact, while the local government has explained these garbage disposal rules by providing information in English, Korean and Chinese as well as Japanese, Vietnamese and Nepalese language materials on the subject are not available. Therefore, a problem is occurring where many new foreign residents in the Shin-Okubo area violatethese complex garbage separation rules―obser vance of which is required by the municipality―unintentionally. In order to avoid these conflicts, existing resident-led activities such as a film festival have been conducted by Japanese and Korean people since 2014. This film festival works to help construct networks of new foreign residents in the Shin-Okubo area through screening films from a variety of Asian countries such as Nepal, Vietnam as well as Korea. Meanwhile, a symposium for posing issues of multicultural coexistence has been also held during the period of the film festival. Still, although this film festival may help attendees be more conscious of the current multi-nationalization of the Shin-Okubo area, this aim might not yetbe shared amongst the new foreign residents coming from various Asian countries. Such drastic multinationalization of the residents in Shin-Okubo will be a touchstone for considering multicultural coexistence in Japan. It is necessary to ask questions on how we can achieve successful coexistence pf people of various national backgrounds.