19世紀末のイスタンブルにおける日本軍の情報活動： 福島安正『亜欧日記』の史料的価値19世紀末のイスタンブルにおける日本軍の情報活動： 福島安正『亜欧日記』の史料的価値AN00170380 The Intelligence Activities of the Japanese Army in Istanbul at the End of the 19th Century: the Value of Yasumasa FUKUSHIMA’s Diary in Asia and Europe as a Source Material
After the Meiji Restoration（ 1868）, the Japanese Military Authority began to collect worldwide military information with the intelligence activities. First, they depended on the some members of the Royal family, like Prince Akihito Komatsu-no-miya （1846-1903）, who was the lieutenant general of the Japanese Army. So his round trip in America and European countries, including the Ottoman Empire, in 1886-7 had both duties of the diplomatic activities of the Royal Family and the intelligence activities of the lieutenant general. Second, the Japanese Army developed the own human resources, like Genjiro AKASHI （1864-1919） and Yasumasa FUKUSHIMA （1852-1919）. Later they became very famous in the Japanese society as the hero of the professional intelligence officers of the Japanese Army. I would like to verify FUKUSHIMA’s intelligence activities in Istanbul in 1896, depending on his Diary in Asia and Europe（ 36 volumes）, the secret reports only presented to Emperor Mutsuhito, Prince Akihito, and some important persons of the politics and army. FUKUSHIMA reported his daily of two weeks’ stay in Istanbul and the detailedinformation about the Ottoman Army. He also analyzed the situation of the Ottoman Army and criticized very severely. It was very worth that this diary was the first case of the official report of the Japanese intelligence activities about the Ottoman Empire. It must effect the later policy of the Japanese Army toward the Ottoman Empire and the Mediterranean World. In near future, I would like to make research about not only the part of the Ottoman Empire but also the parts of Egypt and Persia under the Qajar dynasty in this diary.