紀要論文 ヴェーバー、シュッツ、ルーマンの社会学理論をめぐる一考察――フッサールの現象学との関連性を考慮しつつ――
A Study about the Social Theories of Weber, Schutz and Luhmann ─ With Referring to Husserl’s Phenomenology ─

宇都宮, 京子

内容記述
In this paper I make arguments regarding the relationships between the social theories of Weber, Schutz and Luhmann, referring to Husserl’s Phenomenology.Schutz criticized Weber’s Interpretative Sociology (Verstehende Soziologie), because he didn’t give refer to the time-concept. Schütz’s theoretical basis was established by Husserl in his study of the internal time-consciousness,but a new turn to his argument has emerged.Schutz adapted Bergson’s concept of the durée and referred to his concept of simultaneity;Schutz expressed his idea about the simultaneity of two durations or streams of consciousness in the context of “the phenomenon of growing older together.” Weber’s interpretive sociology strives to examine how observers (sociologists) can properly approach the subjective meaning of social actors. He made clear distinctions between the standpoint of an observer and one of an actor, but we can also see that it is difficult to identify an explanation on the concept of time in Weber’s works. Weber referred to Husserl’s work, Logische Untersuchung, in his thesis*, but thereare neither the concept of transcendental ego nor of consciousness-stream, nor of inner time-consciousness in Husserl’s Logische Untersuchung.I pointed out that Weber referred to the social relations and especially ‘Einverständnis’. (Luhmann referred to this Weber’s concept).Here we can identify the relationship between social actors such that they can confirm the validity of their expectation through their own experiences. Finally I examined Luhman’s relation to the views of Schutz, Weber and Husserl.These are as follows;1. Einverständnis (Weber)2. ’gleichzeitig altern’ (Schütz)3. Horizont (Husserl)
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