||Kinematic analysis of punt kick in football goalkeepers based on the level of kick effort
Tago, Takahito ,
Nishino, Koichi ,
Kaneko, Kenichi ,
Wada, Tadashi ,
Nishiyama, TetsunariFunato, Kazuo
43 , 2015-03-27 , 日本体育大学総合スポーツ科学研究センター
In the present study, we aimed to investigate the differences in punt kicks by football goalkeepers based on the level of effort required. Twelve experienced goalkeepers participated in the study. The participants were instructed to kick the ball as far as possible in the maximum distance trial (100% trial) and to have a more controlled approach for the 80% and 60% trials. Each punt kick was divided into three events: release of the ball from the left hand (BR), pivot foot ground-contact (LFC), and ball impact (IMP). Right lower limb joint velocity, right hip and knee joint angles, flight distance, ball velocity, and kick angle were calculated. The 80% and 100% trials yielded almost the same velocity for each part of the right leg; however, in the 60% trial, the level of kicking effort was managed by adjusting the velocity of the right ankle joint, starting from BR, in addition to adjustment of the velocity of the right knee joint at LFC. Compared to punt kicks with a lower level of effort, the punt kicks with a higher level of effort involved an increase in the hip joint extension angle for the right leg during the backswing and the lowering of the knee joint angle of the right leg at the start of the forward swing, thus producing forward swing velocity for the right foot.