Mentality of Last Years’ Yukio Mishima through Perspectives of Jung’s Psychological Types―Discussion
五味淵, 高志 ,
鈎, 治雄 ,
Takashi, GOMIBUCHIHaruo, MAGARI
248 , 2018-03-31 , 創価大学教育学部・教職大学院
"Psychological Types", Carl Jung contends that there are two general attitudes ofconsciousness; extraverted and introverted. He also describes four functions of consciousness:sensing, intuition, feeling and thinking. Depending on whether the person is extraverted orintroverted, these four functions work as extraverted sensing, extraverted intuition, extravertedfeeling, extraverted thinking, introverted sensing, introverted intuition, introverted feeling, andintroverted thinking.Jung further asserts that when sensing is the principal function, thinking or feeling becomesthe compensatory function. When intuition is the principal function, the compensatoryfunction becomes thinking or feeling. When feeling is the principal function, compensatoryfunction becomes sensing or intuition. When thinking is the principal function, thecompensatory function becomes sensing or intuition. Based on the dynamics of this principaland compensatory relationship Jung classifies consciousness into 16 psychological types.It is not easy to understand how these types work in real life. We analyzed and discussedthe dynamism of the theory of psychological types through some real cases. In particular weexamined closely the case of Yukio Mishima, one of the most important modern Japanesewriters whose works have the subject of much re-evaluation in recent years. Yukio Mishimacould be classified as an introverted thinking type, and the unbalanced development of histhinking function made him an extraordinary man. However, in his middle age, his sensingas compensatory function started to develop in a dramatic, almost morbid way. Moreover,his feeling function, which had previously been underdeveloped, became active to the pointthat its overwhelming power led him to the dramatic action including the attempt of a coupand his ritual suicide, which was called Mishima Incident. Our examination shows a possibleinterpretation of this still controversial incident.