Optimism and Realistic Optimism
アニーシャ, ニシャート ,
鈎, 治雄 ,
Aneesah, HISHAATHaruo, MAGARI
213 , 2018-03-31 , 創価大学教育学部・教職大学院
The concept of optimism has been researched by various scholars such as Martin Seligman,Shelley E. Taylor, Shepperd et al, and Carver. They have proposed different types of optimism.Though they have shown that optimism confer positive effect on people’s life, they havealso indicated some risk when people utilize it. This research has named these concepts as“conventional optimism”.On the other hand, Magari Haruo has proposed a different concept of optimism in whichhe has included new factors that are 1. Flexibility, 2. Will power and courage, and 3. Futureorientation and hope. This concept has not yet been covered by conventional optimism. Thisresearch has named this concept as “realistic optimism”.This research paper has focused on and made a comparative study between two conceptsthat are conventional optimism and realistic optimism. This paper will focus on the importanceof realistic optimism which will be useful for people’s well-being.