Departmental Bulletin Paper 学生向けストレス認識尺度の作成
Developing Stress Inventory for College Student

松尾, 美香  ,  MATSUO, Mika  ,  山﨑, めぐみ  ,  YAMASAKI, Megumi  ,  望月, 雅光  ,  MOCHIZUKI, Masamitsu  ,  関田, 一彦  ,  SEKITA, Kazuhiko

(67)  , pp.133 - 141 , 2016-03-31 , 創価大学教育学部・教職大学院
Recently, checking employees’ stress level became a mandatory. The reason whychecking employees’ stress level becomes critical is that the employer can takeappropriate actions when necessary. Tolerance against stress, however, does not buildover night. Therefore, if students do not have an opportunity to cultivate resiliencyduring college years, they have to develop on their own. Probably, in the past, universityexpected students personally develop their resiliency before their graduation. Thisexpectation, however, is not easily reached today, and the number shows that about 30%of the college graduates leave their first job during their first three years.In this paper, we use Hirano’s (2012) definition of resiliency. She states thatresiliency is the characteristics of person who gets back up regardless of the harsh andstressful situation. S/he can also adjust to a situation even after s/he gets emotionallyhurt. Therefore, we believe that resiliency is one of the important factors for collegegraduates to stay in their job longer than three years of their employment. Then,colleges and universities need to develop an educational program to cultivate resiliencyas a part of career education. To start developing such educational program and tofurther study on students’ resiliency, higher education first needs to develop to measurecollege students’ stress level. In this paper, the authors will report how they developedthe stress measurement questionnaire for college students based on VocationalFeatured Stress Questionnaire.This paper provides eight stress factors of college students as well as examinationof reliability of these factors. Factors include 1.“ Supportiveness,” 2.“ Willingness,” 3.“Burdens,” 4.“ Recognition,” 5.“ Superficial Stress,” 6.“ Meaningfulness,” 7.“ FeelingStressed,” and 8.“ Praise.”

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